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  • Slovenia acknowledges the existence of hypothetical disinformation campaigns and influence operations in general, but does not attribute them to any specific actor, nor does it consider them a threat.
  • Civil society does not dedicate its resources to these issues either, except for projects targeting media literacy.

Relations with the Russian Federation

Trying to stay away from the issues. Historical, energy-related or economically special relations with Russia. Does not feel threatened and does not acknowledge the threat outside of the conflict of Ukraine.[1]

Even after the annexation of Crimea, Slovenia maintained pragmatic energy-focused economic ties with Russia despite claiming that it fully supports Ukrainian integrity and the Minsk agreements. It also supports lifting the sanctions against the Russian Federation. Slovenes lack the negative historical experiences with Russian occupation; on the contrary, they have a certain sense of shared Slavic identity and appreciation for the contribution of the Red Army in liberating part of Slovenia. Therefore, Slovenian politicians stress “mutual respect for different opinions” in relations with Russia. The Presidents or Prime Ministers of the two countries meet regularly.

Political acknowledgement of the threat

In its strategic documents, Slovenia states that encouragement of the EU-Russia cooperation is one of its priorities, especially on an economical level. Any kind of Russian influence is not perceived or acknowledged as a threat to the country. In the National Security Strategy from 2010[2], Slovenia mentions hybrid warfare, including criminal and other irregular forms of warfare, information technologies and various economic resources as one of the new forms of security threats of the future. However, these threats are mentioned regarding mostly non-state or transnational forms of actors and as a danger connected to participation on international operations and missions.

Government activities against Russian influence & disinformation

The Defence Committee of the Slovenian Parliament established in November 2016 that Slovenia is under no form of security threat, although an increase was noted when it came to “hybrid warfare threats from Russia”.[3] Internationally, Slovenia follows how responses to hybrid threats are developing.[4] No measures on state or international level have not been taken.

The approach of intelligence agencies to Russian interference

There are no known statements or proclamations of the Slovenian intelligence services which would suggest that they are aware of the issue of subversive influence, consider it a threat, or have been conducting any activities to counter it.

Activities of the non-governmental sector

The non-governmental sector in Slovenia is not dedicated to analysing or countering disinformation operations either. Slovenian universities are active in the field of media literacy. They organize courses for students of primary and secondary schools and for the wider public. The Infrastructural Programme of the Faculty for Media-Collecting, Managing and Archiving Data on Media Literacy – initiated in 2014 and funded by the Slovenian Research Agency – aims at analysing trends and indicators about media literacy in Slovenia. The project launched a web postal listing activities and resources concerning media literacy in Slovenia and in the EU. It also organizes events, workshops, and training sessions.

The European Institute for Communication and Culture, a non-profit organization registered under Slovene law, conducts research in the area of mass communication and media studies and it is particularly concerned with the relationship of the mass media to issues around democracy and democratisation.[5]


[1] “How do European democracies react to Russian aggression”. European Values. 22 April 2017. Available at: 
[2] “Slovenia: Safe, successful, globally respected. The Foreign Policy of the Republic of Slovenia.” Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Slovenia. 2015. Available at:  
[3]“Defence Committee sees no direct threat to Slovenia, notes hybrid warfare”. 8 November 2016. Available at: 
[4] “Priorities of the Republic of Slovenia for the 71st session of the UN General Assembly. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia. Available at: 
[5] “Mapping of media literacy practices and actions in EU-28.” European Audiovisual Observatory. 2016. Available at: 

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