With a shared border having been open until the 1940s, the Norwegian-Russian relationship has been shaped by boundary-stone disputes one often sees between neighbors. While a territorial dispute over areas of the Barents Sea was resolved in 2010, longstanding issues over pollution continue, and as a founding member of NATO, Norway is perceived as a maritime threat by the Kremlin. The 2017 deployment of US troops in the area has been a cause for tension as well, with Russia simulating an attack on a Norwegian radar station in 2017. This is mixed with stabilizing factors such as visa-free zones and large a Russian diaspora, as well as a domestic political movement which favors a peaceful relationship and harbors mixed feelings regarding sanctions over Ukraine. Digital threats against political, military, and economic targets are considered a threat by the Norwegian Intelligence Service (NIS). Russia infiltration of social networks, news commentary websites, and beyond has been noted; Norway’s Labour Party fell victim to Russian hacking in fall 2017; and instances of blackmailing against individuals have occurred as well. While Russian espionage has been noted as the “No. 1” threat according to the Police Security Service’s annual assessment, there has been little in terms of concrete action. Norway is, for example, not engaged in the Centres of Excellence set up by EU and NATO to tackle Russian disinformation.